Introduction: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a cause of non-atherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death that predominantly impacts young and middle-aged women. In addition to the challenges of acute SCAD including arrhythmias, heart failure, and recurrent chest pain, de novo recurrent SCAD occurs in 5–29% of patients. Recurrent SCAD presents both a psychological burden and a significant cardiac risk to patients. Research regarding SCAD recurrence risk has been growing and can guide providers and patients alike. Areas covered: This review provides up-to-date information about many aspects of SCAD with a focus on SCAD recurrence. PubMed articles were reviewed through October 2020, with particular focus on clinical studies and original research. The resulting literature was scrutinized for information on SCAD recurrence. SCAD-associated conditions, genetic data, clinical characteristics, medications, and aspects of post-SCAD care are summarized. Expert Opinion: SCAD recurrence poses a concerning risk for patients with SCAD. Conditions such as hypertension and severe coronary tortuosity may be associated with recurrence. More research is needed to further elucidate risk factors for recurrence and clarify interventions, such as beta blocker therapy, that may reduce recurrence risk.
- Myocardial infarction
- cardiovascular disease
- non-atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
- spontaneous coronary artery dissection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine