Ravulizumab in Aquaporin-4–Positive Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder

Sean J. Pittock, Michael Barnett, Jeffrey L. Bennett, Achim Berthele, Jérôme de Sèze, Michael Levy, Ichiro Nakashima, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Jacqueline Palace, Friedemann Paul, Carlo Pozzilli, Marcus Yountz, Kerstin Allen, Yasmin Mashhoon, Ho Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: CHAMPION-NMOSD (NCT04201262) is a phase 3, open-label, externally controlled interventional study evaluating the efficacy and safety of the terminal complement inhibitor ravulizumab in adult patients with anti–aquaporin-4 antibody–positive (AQP4+) neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Ravulizumab binds the same complement component 5 epitope as the approved therapeutic eculizumab but has a longer half-life, enabling an extended dosing interval (8 vs 2 weeks). Methods: The availability of eculizumab precluded the use of a concurrent placebo control in CHAMPION-NMOSD; consequently, the placebo group of the eculizumab phase 3 trial PREVENT (n = 47) was used as an external comparator. Patients received weight-based intravenous ravulizumab on day 1 and maintenance doses on day 15, then once every 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was time to first adjudicated on-trial relapse. Results: The primary endpoint was met; no patients taking ravulizumab (n = 58) had an adjudicated relapse (during 84.0 patient-years of treatment) versus 20 patients with adjudicated relapses in the placebo group of PREVENT (during 46.9 patient-years; relapse risk reduction = 98.6%, 95% confidence interval = 89.7%–100.0%, p < 0.0001). Median (range) study period follow-up time was 73.5 (11.0–117.7) weeks for ravulizumab. Most treatment-emergent adverse events were mild/moderate; no deaths were reported. Two patients taking ravulizumab experienced meningococcal infections. Both recovered with no sequelae; one continued ravulizumab treatment. Interpretation: Ravulizumab significantly reduced relapse risk in patients with AQP4+ NMOSD, with a safety profile consistent with those of eculizumab and ravulizumab across all approved indications. ANN NEUROL 2023;93:1053–1068.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1068
Number of pages16
JournalAnnals of neurology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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