Racial and ethnic differences in patients enrolled in the national bronchiectasis and nontuberculous mycobacteria research registry

Bronchiectasis and NTM Research Registry Investigators

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Demographic and socioeconomic factors are recognized to contribute to disparities in healthcare outcomes. Originally, bronchiectasis was described in a population of predominantly White ethnic group of patients in which racial disparity could not be identified. The U.S. Bronchiectasis Research Registry (BRR), a centralized database of adult patients with bronchiectasis and/or NTM from 18 clinical institutions across the U.S., was created to support the research of this condition. The aim of this study is to describe the racial and ethnic distribution of patients enrolled in the BRR and evaluate factors associated with healthcare disparities within manifestations of and/or the care delivered to this population. At the time of this study, 3600 patients with bronchiectasis and/or NTM were enrolled in the BRR. Of those, 3510 participants were included in these analyses. The population was predominantly non-HispanicWhite (n = 3143, 89.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (n = 149, 4.3%), Asian (n = 130, 3.7%) and non-Hispanic Black (n = 88, 2.5%) participants. Testing for cystic fibrosis, immunoglobulin deficiency, and mycobacteria was not different between races, but non-Hispanic Black patients were tested less frequently for alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency compared to other groups (P = 0.01). The four groups did not differ in the proportion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Hemophilus influenzae. There was no statistically significant difference in use of high-frequency chest wall oscillation, pulmonary rehabilitation services, or suppressive macrolide treatment across the groups (P > 0.05). There is a disproportionately high percentage of non-Hispainc White patients compared to non-Hispanic Black patients and Hispanic or Latino patients in the BRR. However, we found an overall similarity of care of BRR patients, regardless of racial and ethnic group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107167
JournalRespiratory Medicine
StatePublished - Apr 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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