Quantification and minimization of magnetic susceptibility artifacts on GRE images

John D. Port, Martin G. Pomper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this work was to determine the optimal imaging parameters for minimization of metallic susceptibility artifacts during gradient echo (GRE) imaging. Method: We performed GRE imaging of titanium screws in a nickel-doped agarose gel phantom, systematically varying several parameters to characterize and quantify susceptibility artifacts. Results: The greatest reduction in artifact size came from using a short TE: increasing the frequency matrix and decreasing the slice thickness also contributed substantially to reducing the artifact size. Whenever possible, implanted prostheses should be aligned with the main magnetic field to minimize artifact size. Parameters with negligible effect on artifact size included bandwidth, phase encode matrix, and field of view. Conclusion: Radiologists can easily adjust the above parameters in their imaging protocols to improve GRE image quality in patients with implanted metallic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)958-964
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000


  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, physics and instrumentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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