Pulmonary Limitations in Heart Failure

Ivan Cundrle, Lyle J. Olson, Bruce D. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The heart and lungs are intimately linked. Hence, impaired function of one organ may lead to changes in the other. Accordingly, heart failure is associated with airway obstruction, loss of lung volume, impaired gas exchange, and abnormal ventilatory control. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is an excellent tool for evaluation of gas exchange and ventilatory control. Indeed, many parameters routinely measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing, including the level of minute ventilation per unit of carbon dioxide production and the presence of exercise oscillatory ventilation, have been found to be strongly associated with prognosis in patients with heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-448
Number of pages10
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Cardiopulmonary exercise testing
  • Heart failure
  • Ventilatory efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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