PTP1B regulates neurite extension mediated by cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion molecules

Purnima Pathre, Carlos Arregui, Theresa Wampler, Ia Kue, Tin Chung Leung, Jack Lilien, Janne Balsamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


N-cadherin and β1-integrin adhesion and signaling play important roles in growth cone adhesion and guidance. Each of these adhesion receptor systems is composed of multiprotein complexes, and both adhesion and downstream signaling events are regulated through the interaction of protein tyrosine kinases and phosphatases with many of the proteins that make up these complex systems. Work from our laboratory reported that the nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B is localized to adherens junctions and focal adhesion complexes and regulates both N-cadherin- and β1-integrin-mediated adhesion. PTP1B appears to modulate integrin-mediated adhesion through regulation of src activation and cadherin-mediated adhesion through dephosphorylation of β-catenin. We have continued these studies and report that PTP1B is localized to the tips of growing neurites and that introduction of a noncatalytic mutant of PTP1B into PC12 cells results in inhibition of N-cadherin- and β1-integrin-mediated neurite outgrowth but is without effect on neurite outgrowth on poly-L-lysine. Moreover, suppressing the level of PTP1B in primary embryonic chick neural retina cells using antisense oligonucleotides also inhibits N-cadherin- and β1-integrin-mediated neurite outgrowth. Neither of these techniques reduces the levels of expression of either adhesion receptor. We conclude that PTP1B is a regulatory component of the molecular complex required for both N-cadherin and β1-integrin-mediated axon growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2001


  • N-cadherin
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • PTP1B
  • Tyrosine phosphatase
  • β1-integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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