Cytologic screening in combination with ablative therapy has helped reduce cervical cancer mortality in the developed world. Despite the success of this approach, cervical cancer remains a major cause of death, especially among women with limited access to health care. Recognition that human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the main etiologic agent in cervical cancer suggests that a prophylactic vaccine could reduce the incidence of HPV infection and, therefore, achieve cancer control with reduced reliance on costly screening programs. In this review, the rationale for developing a prophylactic HPV vaccine and the potential impact that vaccination would have on cervical cancer screening are discussed.
|Number of pages
|Published - 1998
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine