To examine the sequential changes in left ventricular volume after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction, gated radionuclide ventriculography was performed within 12 hours of thrombolysis and at 1 and 6 weeks in 34 consecutive patients who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Trial. Angiographic confirmation of immediate reperfusion (mean 5.6 hours after onset of symptoms) that persisted at 24 hours was noted in 24 patients; 10 patients were not reperfused. A small (9.5%), but significant (p = 0.05), increase in end-diastolic volume index was noted in the reperfused group between 1 and 6 weeks; however, a marked degree of dilatation (35%) was noted in the nonreperfused group (p = 0.01). The change in left ventricular volume between 1 and 6 weeks differed in the 2 groups for both end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). By 6 weeks, both end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index were greater in the nonreperfused group (p < 0.05). Between the acute and 6-week studies, definite increases in end-diastolic volume index (p < 0.05) and end-systolic volume index (p < 0.01) occurred commonly in the nonreperfused group but rarely in the reperfused group. Compared to the nonreperfused group, the reperfused group also had significantly higher ejection fractions at both 1 and 6 weeks (p < 0.05). The change in end-diastolic volume index between 1 and 6 weeks correlated significantly and inversely with the ejection fraction at 1 week (r = -0.60, p < 0.001). These results indicate that ventricular dilatation occurs between 1 and 6 weeks after myocardial infarction, is proportional to systolic dysfunction and may be largely prevented by successful thrombolytic reperfusion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine