Prevalence of alternative forms of tobacco use in a population of young adult military recruits

Mark W. Vander Weg, Alan L. Peterson, Jon O. Ebbert, Margaret DeBon, Robert C. Klesges, C. Keith Haddock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Recent evidence suggests that the popularity of certain alternative forms of tobacco may be increasing in adolescents. Little is known, however, about the use of these products among young adults. This study examined the use of alternative tobacco products including bidis, cigars, kreteks (clove cigarettes), pipes, and smokeless tobacco in a large sample of young adult military recruits (N = 31 107). Overall, 18.5% of participants were using some form of alternative tobacco product prior to entry into Basic Military Training. Results revealed a relatively high prevalence of cigar (12.3%) and smokeless tobacco use (6.7%). Use of other products was less common, including 1.1% for pipes, 2.0% for bidis, and 3.0% for kreteks. With the exception of kreteks, which did not differ by gender, the prevalence of use of alternative tobacco products was greater for males than for females (p < .001). Patterns of use also differed according to other demographic characteristics including race, ethnicity, age, and income. Implications for surveillance and tobacco control efforts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Bidis
  • Cigars
  • Kreteks
  • Military
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of alternative forms of tobacco use in a population of young adult military recruits'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this