Elson L. So, Philippe Ryvlin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingForeword/postscript

1 Scopus citations


MRI-negative refractory focal epilepsy is well known to present major challenges in seizure localization and surgical treatment. Many epilepsy centers around the world are encountering increasing numbers of patients with MRI-negative refractory epilepsy. As a result, there has been a growing number of publications on the topic of presurgical evaluation and postsurgical outcome of MRI-negative surgery. A great proportion of these publications emanate from advances in imaging techniques. The MRI is one of the historically most versatile diagnostic tools, with new techniques still developing decades after its advent. However, other imaging modalities are keeping pace in their development for detecting functional alterations that can serve as surrogates or markers of the epileptogenic focus. At the same time, data have been accruing from electrophysiological and histopathological investigations in MRI-negative patients who have undergone presurgical evaluation and surgical management. MRI-negative epilepsy is not a single disease entity or epilepsy type, and the global experience with its evaluation and surgery has been varied. No one epilepsy center has all the most advanced presurgical diagnostic or surgical techniques at its disposal. Experience or skills in the techniques are expected to vary between centers. Perhaps for these reasons, outcomes of MRI-negative epilepsy surgery are not uniform between centers. Therefore, in developing diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for MRI-negative epilepsy surgery, there is a need for critically assessing surgical outcomes in terms of factors that contribute to postsurgical seizure control and neuropsychological impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMRI-Negative Epilepsy
Subtitle of host publicationEvaluation and Surgical Management
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9781139525312
ISBN (Print)9781107034235
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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