Predictors of weight-loss response with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist treatment among adolescents with severe obesity

B. M. Nathan, K. D. Rudser, M. J. Abuzzahab, C. K. Fox, B. J. Coombes, E. M. Bomberg, A. S. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In two previous, separate clinical trials, we demonstrated significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) with exenatide in adolescents with severe obesity. In the present study, we pooled data from these near identical trials to evaluate factors that may predict BMI reduction at 3 months. Data from 32 patients (mean age 14.3±2.2 years; 69% female; mean BMI 39.8±5.8kgm-2) were included. Exenatide treatment consisted of 5mcg twice daily for 1 month, followed by an increase to 10mcg twice daily for 2 additional months. Predictor variables included baseline BMI, BMI percent change at 1 month, incidence of nausea or vomiting and baseline appetite and satiety measures. Treatment effects of percent change in BMI from baseline were estimated within predictor subgroups using generalized estimating equations with exchangeable working correlation and robust variance estimation for confidence intervals and P-values to account for paired observations. The pooled data treatment effect on absolute BMI at 3 months was -3.42% (95% confidence interval: -5.41%, -1.42%) compared to placebo. Within treated participants, appetite at baseline (treatment effect in high [-4.28%] vs. low [1.02%], P=0.028) and sex (treatment effect in female [-4.78%] vs. male [0.76%], P=0.007) were significant predictors of change in BMI at 3 months. Baseline BMI, BMI percent change at 1 month, age, incidence of nausea, vomiting, or other gastrointestinal symptoms and satiety scores did not predict 3-month responses. Sex and measures of appetite may serve as useful predictors of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist treatment response among adolescents with severe obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalClinical obesity
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016


  • GLP-1 agonist
  • Paediatrics
  • Personalized medicine
  • Severe obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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