Predictors of Patient Willingness to Consider Surgery Prior to Consultation at Sexual Health Clinic

Raevti Bole, Matthew Ziegelmann, Ajay Gopalakrishna, Charles Scott Collins, Manaf Alom, Landon Trost, Sevann Helo, Tobias S. Köhler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with patient willingness to consider surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) prior to urologic consultation. METHODS: A prospective database of patients presenting to the sexual health clinic at our institution was created from 2014 to 2018, consisting of previsit patient questionnaires and clinical information. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with consideration of surgery and decision to undergo surgery. RESULTS: Of 1359 men presenting to the clinic, 991 men had a chief complaint of ED with 630 (63.6%) considering surgery. On multivariable analysis, factors significantly associated with previsit willingness for surgery included history of diabetes mellitus (P = .0009), increasing symptom bother (P <.0001), and decreasing relationship duration (P = .0005). Approximately 16% (162/991) patients considering surgery prior to consultation ultimately underwent penile implant insertion. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that older age (P = .003), history of diabetes mellitus (P = .03), lower international index of erectile function-EF domain (P = .0009) and history of intracavernosal injection therapy (P <.0001) were significantly associated with proceeding to ED surgery. Initial declaration of willingness to undergo ED surgery led to nearly 8-fold increased odds for surgery (P <.0001). CONCLUSION: Over 60% of patients presenting for ED consultation considered surgical intervention, of whom 25% underwent penile prosthesis. Both patient and relationship factors were predictors of surgical willingness. Previsit surgical willingness was associated with highest odds of eventual decision for surgery, suggesting that knowledge of ED treatment options in the general public may play a role. Our findings highlight opportunities for shared decision-making in a patient-centered model of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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