Predictors of hemodynamic response to mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair

Sahar Samimi, Alejandra Chavez Ponce, Hasan S. Alarouri, Ahmed El Shaer, Mackram F. Eleid, Mayra E. Guerrero, Charanjit S. Rihal, Mohamad Alkhouli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Improvement in left atrial pressure (LAP) during transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) is associated with improved outcomes. We sought to investigate the predictors of optimal hemodynamic response to TEER. Methods: We identified patients who underwent TEER at Mayo Clinic between May 2014 and February 2022. Patients with missing LAP data, an aborted procedure, and those undergoing a concomitant tricuspid TEER were excluded. We performed a logistic regression analysis to identify predictors of optimal hemodynamic response to TEER (defined as LAP ≤ 15 mmHg). Results: A total of 473 patients were included (Mean age 78.5 ± 9.4 years, 67.2% males). Overall, 195 (41.2%) achieved an optimal hemodynamic response after TEER. Patients who did not achieve an optimal response had higher baseline LAP (20.0 [17–25] vs. 15.0 [12–18] mmHg, p < 0.001), higher prevalence of AF (68.3% vs. 55.9%, p = 0.006), functional MR (47.5% vs. 35.9%, p = 0.009), annular calcification (41% vs. 29.2%, p = 0.02), lower left ventricular EF (55% vs. 58%, p = 0.02), and more frequent postprocedural severe MR (11.9% vs. 5.1%, p = 0.02) and elevated mitral gradient >5 mmHg (30.6% vs. 14.4%, p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, AF (OR = 0.58; 95% CI = 0.35–0.96; p = 0.03), baseline LAP (OR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.75–0.84; p < 0.001) and postprocedural mitral gradient <5 mmHg (OR = 0.35; 95% CI = 0.19–0.65; p < 0.001), were independent predictors of achieving an optimal hemodynamic response. In the multivariate model, residual MR was not independently associated with optimal hemodynamic response. Conclusions: Optimal hemodynamic response is achieved in 4 in 10 patients undergoing TEER. AF, higher baseline LAP, and higher postprocedural mitral gradient were negative predictors of optimal hemodynamic response after TEER.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1120-1127
Number of pages8
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 1 2023


  • MitraClip
  • hemodynamic
  • left atrial pressure
  • mitral regurgitation
  • transcatheter edge-to-edge repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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