Prdx5 regulates DNA damage response through autophagy-dependent Sirt2-p53 axis

Ewud Agborbesong, Julie X. Zhou, Linda X. Li, Peter C. Harris, James P. Calvet, Xiaogang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


DNA damage response (DDR) is an important signaling-transduction network that promotes the repair of DNA lesions which can induce and/or support diseases. However, the mechanisms involved in its regulation are not fully understood. Recent studies suggest that the peroxiredoxin 5 (Prdx5) enzyme, which detoxifies reactive oxygen species, is associated to genomic instability and signal transduction. Its role in the regulation of DDR, however, is not well characterized. In this study, we demonstrate a role of Prdx5 in the regulation of the DDR signaling pathway. Knockdown of Prdx5 resulted in DNA damage manifested by the induction of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX) and p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1). We show that Prdx5 regulates DDR through (1) polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) mediated phosphorylation of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase to further trigger downstream mediators Chek1 and Chek2; (2) the increase of the acetylation of p53 at lysine 382, stabilizing p53 in the nucleus and enhancing transcription and (3) the induction of autophagy, which regulates the recycling of molecules involved in DDR. We identified Sirt2 as a novel deacetylase of p53 at lysine 382, and Sirt2 regulated the acetylation status of p53 at lysine 382 in a Prdx5-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that exogenous expression of Prdx5 decreased DNA damage and the activation of ATM in Pkd1 mutant renal epithelial cells, suggesting that Prdx5 may play a protective role from DNA damage in cystic renal epithelial cells. This study identified a novel mechanism of Prdx5 in the regulation of DDR through the ATM/p53/Sirt2 signaling cascade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-579
Number of pages13
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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