Background: The American Board of Plastic Surgery has been collecting practice data on operative repair of flexor tendon lacerations since 2006, as part of its Continuous Certification program. Methods: Data on operative repair of flexor tendon lacerations from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed and compared with those from 2015 to 2020. National practice trends observed in these data were evaluated and reviewed alongside published literature and evidence-based medicine. Results: In total, 780 patients with flexor tendon laceration injuries were included. Mean patient age was 38 years; mean time between tendon injury and first evaluation was 4 days, and the mean time from injury to operative repair was 12 days. Four-strand sutures remain the most common technique of tendon repair (57%). In the recent cohort, there were significant decreases in tourniquet use (94% versus 89%), general anesthesia (88% versus 74%), and monofilament sutures (44% versus 35%), with a significant increase reported in preserving the A1 pulley (20% versus 29%). Postoperative movement was described as "almost full range of motion" or "good" in 70% of cases, and 74% of patients were satisfied with their results. Postoperative adverse events were reported in 26% of cases, with the most common complications being tendon adhesions (14%) and rupture (3%). Conclusions: Review of The American Board of Plastic Surgery tracer data for operative repair of flexor tendon lacerations establishes a framework by which surgeons can evaluate how their current practice aligns with that of their peers, and whether their practice patterns remain current relative to recommendations from evidence-based medicine.
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