Plasticity of human menstrual blood stem cells derived from the endometrium

Jian Lin, Dennis Xiang, Jin Long Zhang, Julie Allickson, Charlie Xiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Stem cells can be obtained from women's menstrual blood derived from the endometrium. The cells display stem cell markers such as Oct-4, SSEA-4, Nanog, and c-kit (CD117), and have the potent ability to differentiate into various cell types, including the heart, nerve, bone, cartilage, and fat. There has been no evidence of teratoma, ectopic formation, or any immune response after transplantation into an animal model. These cells quickly regenerate after menstruation and secrete many growth factors to display recurrent angiogenesis. The plasticity and safety of the acquired cells have been demonstrated in many studies. Menstrual blood-derived stem cells (MenSCs) provide an alternative source of adult stem cells for research and application in regenerative medicine. Here we summarize the multipotent properties and the plasticities of MenSCs and other endometrial stem cells from recent studies conducted both in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-380
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Zhejiang University: Science B
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011


  • Endometrium
  • Menstrual blood-derived stem cells (MenSCs)
  • Multipotent
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Veterinary


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