Plasma immune analytes in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer

Matthew S. Block, Matthew J. Maurer, Krista Goergen, Kimberly R. Kalli, Courtney L. Erskine, Marshall D. Behrens, Ann L. Oberg, Keith L. Knutson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objectives: Inflammation is a common feature of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and measurement of plasma markers of inflammation might identify candidate markers for use in screening or presurgical evaluation of patients with adnexal masses. Methods: Plasma specimens from cohorts of 100 patients with advanced EOC (AJCC Stage III and IV), 50 patients with early stage EOC (Stage I and II), and 50 patients with benign surgical conditions were assayed for concentrations of multiple cytokines, toll-like receptor agonists, and vascular growth factors via ELISA and electrochemiluminescence. Immune proteins were then analyzed for association with EOC. Differences in plasma protein levels between benign, early, and advanced EOC patient groups were assessed with and without adjustment for plasma cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) levels. Results: Out of 23 proteins tested, six-including interferon gamma (IFNγ), interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and placental growth factor (PlGF)-were univariately associated with EOC (all p<. 0.005), and one-IL-6-was associated with early stage EOC (. p<. 0.0001). Heat shock protein 90. kDa beta member 1 (HSP90B1, gp96) was associated with EOC and early stage EOC with borderline statistical significance (. p=. 0.039 and p=. 0.026, respectively). However, when adjusted for (CA-125), only HSP90B1 independently predicted EOC (. p=. 0.008), as well as early stage EOC (. p=. 0.014). Conclusions: Multiple plasma cytokines, including IFNγ, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNFα, PlGF, and HSP90B1 are associated with EOC. Of these, HSP90B1 is associated with EOC independent from the biomarker CA-125.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • HSP90B1
  • Interleukin 6 (IL-6)
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology


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