Pilot study of women’s perspectives when abnormal uterine bleeding occurs during perimenopause

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We gained insights into women’s experiences and knowledge about the occurrence of vaginal bleeding during perimenopause requiring evaluation. Methods: Qualitative inquiry was chosen to explore topics in greater depth to understand individuals’ experiences. Interviews with individuals were chosen due to the sensitive nature of gynecologic symptoms and management. Interviews were completed following gynecologic care to explore individuals’ experiences with the evaluation and management of vaginal bleeding during perimenopause. Results: Twelve individuals were interviewed between December 2019 and March 2020. Patient uncertainty about the medical significance of developing vaginal bleeding during perimenopause was associated with self-appraisal and gathering information from multiple sources. This experience of seeking evaluation and treatment resulted in varying degrees of trust concerning information received within or outside the clinic. Regarding new technologies that could replace the current invasive tests performed for diagnosis (i.e. ultrasound, hysteroscopy and biopsy), most women preferred the smartphone app and tampon home collection option. Conclusions: The experience of irregular or heavy vaginal bleeding during perimenopause is fraught with ambiguity, feelings of uncertainty about how to make sense of symptoms and inevitably begins with a period of self-appraisal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2022


  • Menopause
  • abnormal uterine bleeding
  • apps
  • endometrial cancer
  • perimenopause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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