Translated title of the contribution: Photodynamic therapy of experimental intraocular melanoma using benzoporphyrin lipoprotein

U. Schmidt-Erfurth, T. Hasan, T. Flotte, E. Gragoudas, R. Birngruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with its potential for precise localization and absence of severe side effects such as radiation retinopathy may be particularly appropriate for the treatment of intraocular tumors. Benzoporphyrin (BPD), a potent photosensitizer currently in clinical trial, absorbs light at 692 nm, thus allowing sufficient tissue penetration due to minor light absorption in melanin and hemoglobin. The efficiency and selectivity of BPD are significantly pronounced through preassociation with low-density lipoprotein (LDL), since proliferating cells exhibit an increased metabolism of lipoproteins. As an experimental model Greene's melanomas were implanted either into the iris or choroid of albino rabbits. Irradiation at a radiation energy of 80 for iris and 100 J/cm2 for choroidal tumors 3 h after the i.v. injection of BPD-LDL (2 mg/kg) was administered via a laser arrangement with argon-pumped dye-laser, using the slit-lamp. Angiographies and LM/EM histologies were done immediately, and 1, 3, and 14-21 days post-exposure. All 16 treated tumors demonstrated complete regression with a remaining avascular, fibrotic scar. Immediate vascular occlusion within the tumor was seen angiographically, suggesting a direct vascular mechanism. Histologically, two primary mechanisms could be detected: destruction of neovascular endothelial cells and intracellular tumor cell damage. These results indicate that PDT using BPD-LDL complexes may provide an efficient and selective modality for the management of intraocular neoplasms. The availability of new and potent photosensitizers may also lead to broader clinical applications.

Translated title of the contributionPhotodynamic therapy of experimental intraocular melanoma using benzoporphyrin lipoprotein
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)348-356
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1994


  • benzoporphyrin
  • intraocular melanoma
  • low-density lipoprotein
  • photodynamic therapy
  • selective delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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