Phase 2 trial of everolimus and letrozole in relapsed estrogen receptor-positive high-grade ovarian cancers

Gerardo Colon-Otero, Saravut (John) Weroha, Nathan R. Foster, Paul Haluska, Xiaonan Hou, Andrea E Wahner Hendrickson, Aminah Jatoi, Matthew S Block, Tri A. Dinh, Matthew W. Robertson, John A III Copland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objectives We report the results of a phase 2 clinical trial of the combination of everolimus and letrozole in patients with relapsed estrogen receptor-positive high-grade ovarian cancer. The trial's primary endpoint was the proportion of patients alive and progression-free after 12 weeks of therapy with the combination of everolimus and letrozole. A 12-week PFS of 45% or greater was considered a positive result. The feasibility of generating patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models from biopsy specimens was also evaluated. Methods Eligibility criteria included relapsed estrogen receptor-positive ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal carcinomas with measurable disease, not previously treated with everolimus or AIs. Both platinum-resistant and sensitive tumors were included. Xenografts were created from image-guided tumor biopsies at baseline. Patients received oral everolimus 10 mg daily and letrozole 2.5 mg daily. Results Twenty patients were enrolled, 19 were evaluable. Nine out of 19 were alive, progression-free, and still on treatment at the 12 week evaluation time-point (12-week PFS of 47%) with a median PFS of 3.9 months (95% CI: 2.8–11.0). The median overall survival was 13.0 months. Twelve patients (63%) experienced at least one grade 3 or worse adverse events. PDX tumor engraftment was feasible in the majority of patients (9 out of 17, 52.9%). Conclusions The combination of everolimus and letrozole is associated with a promising 47% 12-week PFS rate in patients with ER-positive relapsed high-grade ovarian cancer with acceptable toxicity. PDX tumor models can be generated from biopsies of ovarian tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-68
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Everolimus
  • Ovarian cancer
  • PDX models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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