Phase 1 Study of CEP-37250/KHK2804, a Tumor-specific Anti-glycoconjugate Monoclonal Antibody, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors

Monica M. Mita, John Nemunaitis, Juneko Grilley-Olson, Bassil El-Rayes, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, R. Donald Harvey, John Marshall, Xiaoping Zhang, Vincent Strout

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Background: CEP-37250/KHK2804 is a recombinant, humanized, non-fucosylated, monoclonal antibody directed to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates frequently found on certain tumor cell types. Objective: The objective was to determine the safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, potential immunogenicity, and preliminary clinical efficacy of CEP-37250/KHK2804 monotherapy in patients with advanced cancer in a first-in-human, phase 1 study. Materials and Methods: In phase 1a, patients (n = 31) with solid tumors received increasing doses of CEP-37250/KHK2804 (0.03–1.0 mg/kg) intravenously once weekly using a standard 3 + 3 dose-escalation design. In phase 1b, two dose-expansion cohorts of patients with colorectal (n = 15) and pancreatic (n = 16) cancer, respectively, received the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Results: The MTD of CEP-37250/KHK2804 was 0.3 mg/kg weekly. Dose-limiting toxicities were infusion-related reactions and increased serum transaminases. In the overall population (N = 62), the most frequent treatment-related adverse event (AE) was an infusion-related reaction (45.2 %). Positive post-baseline CEP-37250/KHK2804 neutralizing antibodies were reported in 14 patients (22.6 %), almost exclusively in patients who developed infusion-related reactions. The most frequent treatment-related AE grade ≥3 was increased AST or ALT in six patients (9.7 %). Three patients experienced treatment-related serious cardiac events (grade 4 ECG abnormality, grade 4 atrial fibrillation, and grade 3 acute myocardial infarction, respectively). Pharmacokinetic exposure to CEP-37250/KHK2804 increased proportionally to dose, with accumulation up to two fold with repeated administration. Mean elimination half-life was 34.1 to 70.3 hours over the dose range from 0.03 to 1.0 mg/kg. No patient had a complete or partial best response. Thirteen of 40 (32.5 %) evaluable patients had unconfirmed stable disease, four of which were confirmed (10.0 %). Conclusions: The study was stopped early due to the lack of efficacy. Additionally, safety concerns (i.e., cardiac issues, hepatic toxicity, and infusion-related reactions) made the benefit-risk assessment unfavorable for continued development of CEP-37250/KHK2804, which was halted indefinitely. [Study registered at #NCT01447732]. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-814
Number of pages8
JournalTargeted Oncology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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