CC-90002 is an anti-CD47 antibody that inhibits CD47-SIRPα interaction and enables macrophage-mediated killing of tumor cells in hematological cancer cell lines. In this first clinical, phase 1, dose-escalation and -expansion study (CC-90002-AML-001; NCT02641002), we evaluated CC-90002 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). CC-90002 was administered in escalating doses of 0.1–4.0 mg/kg, using a modified 3 + 3 design. Primary endpoints included dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), non-tolerated dose (NTD), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended phase 2 dose. Secondary endpoints included preliminary efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and presence/frequency of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). Between March 2016 and July 2018, 28 patients were enrolled (24 with AML and 4 with MDS) at 6 sites across the USA. As of July 18, 2018, all patients had discontinued, mainly due to death or progressive disease. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were diarrhea (46.4%), thrombocytopenia (39.3%), febrile neutropenia (35.7%), and aspartate aminotransferase increase (35.7%). Four patients experienced DLTs (1 patient had grade 4 disseminated intravascular coagulation and grade 5 cerebral hemorrhage, 1 had grade 3 purpura, 1 had grade 4 congestive cardiac failure and grade 5 acute respiratory failure, and another had grade 5 sepsis). The NTD and MTD were not reached. No objective responses occurred. CC-90002 serum exposure was dose-dependent. ADAs were present across all doses, and the proportion of ADA-positive patients in cycle 1 increased over time. Despite no unexpected safety findings, the CC-90002-AML-001 study was discontinued in dose escalation for lack of monotherapy activity and evidence of ADAs. However, as other anti-CD47 agents in clinical trials are showing promising early results for AML and MDS, understanding preclinical and clinical differences between individual agents in this class will be of high importance.
- Hematological cancer
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