Background and Objective: Gilteritinib is a novel, highly selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the USA, Canada, Europe, Brazil, Korea, and Japan for the treatment of FLT3 mutation-positive acute myeloid leukemia. This article describes the clinical pharmacokinetic profile of gilteritinib. Methods: The pharmacokinetic profile of gilteritinib was assessed from five clinical studies. Results: Dose-proportional pharmacokinetics was observed following once-daily gilteritinib administration (dose range 20–450 mg). Median maximum concentration was reached 2–6 h following single and repeat dosing of gilteritinib; mean elimination half-life was 113 h. Elimination was primarily via feces. Exposure to gilteritinib was comparable under fasted and fed conditions. Gilteritinib is primarily metabolized via cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4; coadministration of gilteritinib with itraconazole (a strong P-glycoprotein inhibitor and CYP3A4 inhibitor) or rifampicin (a strong P-glycoprotein inducer and CYP3A inducer) significantly affected the gilteritinib pharmacokinetic profile. No clinically relevant interactions were observed when gilteritinib was coadministered with midazolam (a CYP3A4 substrate) or cephalexin (a multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 substrate). Unbound gilteritinib exposure was similar between subjects with hepatic impairment and normal hepatic function. Conclusions: Gilteritinib exhibits a dose-proportional pharmacokinetic profile in healthy subjects and in patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia. Gilteritinib exposure is not significantly affected by food. Moderate-to-strong CYP3A inhibitors demonstrated a significant effect on gilteritinib exposure. Coadministration of gilteritinib with CYP3A4 or multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 substrates did not impact substrate concentrations. Unbound gilteritinib was comparable between subjects with hepatic impairment and normal hepatic function; dose adjustment is not warranted for patients with hepatic impairment. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02014558, NCT02456883, NCT02571816.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)