Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of major hemorrhage after image-guided percutaneous chest tube placement in patients with an abnormal international normalized ratio (INR) measured before the procedure. Materials and Methods: Between January 2013 and September 2017, 49 image-guided percutaneous chest tubes were placed in 45 adult patients who had an elevated INR of greater than 1.6. Data collected included routine serum pre-procedure coagulation studies, indication for chest tube placement, insertion technique, size of chest tube, and presence of complications after drain placement. Major bleeding complications were defined using the Society of Interventional Radiology classification system. Results: Mean patient age was 62 years (range, 22–94 years), with median American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 4. Mean INR was 2.1 (range, 1.7–3), with 21 (43%) procedures with an INR between 1.7 and 1.9, 20 (41%) procedures with an INR between 2.0 and 2.4, and 8 (16%) procedures with an INR between 2.5 and 3.0. Computed tomography guidance was used for 27 (55%) procedures; ultrasound guidance was used for 22 (45%) procedures. Median size of chest tube was 10 Fr (range, 8–14 Fr) used in 27 (55%) procedures. No major bleeding complications were observed. There was a small, significant decrease in mean hemoglobin after the procedure (mean = 0.9g/dL; P < .0001), which correlated to increasing chest tube size (P = .0269). Conclusions: No major bleeding complications were observed after image-guided percutaneous chest tube placement in patients with an elevated INR. Major bleeding complications in these patients may be safer than initially considered, and this study encourages the conduct of larger trials for further evaluation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine