Pediatric Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Clinical Applications

Mai Lan Ho, Kirk M. Welker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an imaging technique based on blood oxygenation level-dependent imaging. Maps of brain activation are generated during the performance of designated tasks involving eloquent functions, such as motor, sensory, visual, auditory, and/or language. Optimal performance of fMRI in children requires consideration of multiple psychological and physiological parameters. Also, a solid technical understanding is needed for appropriate study design, implementation, processing, and interpretation. In this article, the authors review the key principles of fMRI technique, study design, data processing, and interpretation. The important clinical applications in the pediatric population will be highlighted, accompanied by example cases from their institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-93
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Pediatric Neurology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • BOLD
  • fMRI
  • functional
  • paradigm
  • pediatric
  • task-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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