PDLIM4 repression by hypermethylation as a potential biomarker for prostate cancer

Donkena Krishna Vanaja, Karla V. Ballman, Bruce W. Morlan, John C. Cheville, Roxann M. Neumann, Michael M. Lieber, Donald J. Tindall, Charles Y.F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


Purpose: We analyzed the expression of genes to identify reliable molecular markers in the diagnosis and progression of prostate cancer. Experimental Design: Gene expression profiling was done using HG-U133 set microarrays in 32 prostate cancer and 8 benign tissues of patients with cancer. Expression levels of 11 genes were selected for quantitative real-time PCR evaluation in 52 prostate cancer and 20 benign tissues. Further, to assess transcriptional inactivation, we analyzed the promoter methylation of genes by quantitative methylation-specific PCR in 62 tumor and 36 benign tissues. Results: Our results showed a significant down-regulation in the mRNA expression levels of PRIMA1, TU3A, PDLIM4, FLJ14084, SVIL, SORBS1, C21orf63, and KIAA1210 and up-regulation of FABP5, SOX4, and MLP in prostate cancer tissues by TaqMan real-time PCR. Quantitative methylation-specific PCR of PDLIM4, SVIL, PRIMA1, GSTP1, and PTGS2 detected prostate carcinoma with a sensitivity of 94.7%, 75.4%, 47.4%, 89.5%, and 87.7%, and a specificity of 90.5%, 75%, 54.2%, 95.8%, and 90.2%, respectively. Using this panel of methylation markers in combination, we were able to distinguish between prostate cancer and adjacent benign tissues with sensitivities and specificities of about 90% to 100%. Our data provide evidence of transcriptional repression of the putative tumor suppressor gene PDLIM4 by hypermethylation. Conclusions: Our analysis revealed differential expression of eight down-regulated and three up-regulated genes, implicating their role in prostate cancer development and progression. We further showed that the hypermethylation of PDLIM4 gene could be used as a sensitive molecular tool in detection of prostate tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1136
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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