Patterns of accidental genital trauma in young girls and indications for operative management

Corey W. Iqbal, Nezar Y. Jrebi, Martin D. Zielinski, Luis A. Benavente-Chenhalls, Daniel C. Cullinane, Scott P. Zietlow, Christopher R. Moir, Michael B. Ishitani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Background/purpose: The aim of this study was to define the injury patterns of accidental genital trauma (AGT) in female patients and examine the indications and outcomes of operative intervention. Methods: Review of patients younger than 16 years with AGT from 1980 to 2007 excluding sexual- and obstetric-related injuries. Results: One hundred sixty-seven patients met the criteria. Mean (±SEM) age was 6.9 (0.2) years. There were 70.5% straddle injuries, followed by nonstraddle blunt injuries (23.5%) and penetrating injuries (6.0%). Injuries to the labia were most frequent (64.0%). Injuries to the posterior fourchette (7.8%) and hymenal disruption (8.4%) were less frequent. There was 87.9% of AGT that was managed expectantly without further sequelae. Twenty patients (12.1%) were managed operatively. Penetrating injuries were more likely to require operative management (P ≤ .03). The operative group was also more likely to have multiple genital injuries (60% versus 25%, P < .01). Proctoscopy, vaginoscopy, and/or cystoscopy were performed in 55% of patients in the operative group. Conclusions: Accidental genital trauma is most commonly caused by straddle-type injuries and is usually amenable to nonoperative management. Hymenal disruption and injuries to the posterior fourchette are uncommon with these types of injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-933
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010


  • Genital
  • Gynecologic
  • Pediatric
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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