Background/purpose: The aim of this study was to define the injury patterns of accidental genital trauma (AGT) in female patients and examine the indications and outcomes of operative intervention. Methods: Review of patients younger than 16 years with AGT from 1980 to 2007 excluding sexual- and obstetric-related injuries. Results: One hundred sixty-seven patients met the criteria. Mean (±SEM) age was 6.9 (0.2) years. There were 70.5% straddle injuries, followed by nonstraddle blunt injuries (23.5%) and penetrating injuries (6.0%). Injuries to the labia were most frequent (64.0%). Injuries to the posterior fourchette (7.8%) and hymenal disruption (8.4%) were less frequent. There was 87.9% of AGT that was managed expectantly without further sequelae. Twenty patients (12.1%) were managed operatively. Penetrating injuries were more likely to require operative management (P ≤ .03). The operative group was also more likely to have multiple genital injuries (60% versus 25%, P < .01). Proctoscopy, vaginoscopy, and/or cystoscopy were performed in 55% of patients in the operative group. Conclusions: Accidental genital trauma is most commonly caused by straddle-type injuries and is usually amenable to nonoperative management. Hymenal disruption and injuries to the posterior fourchette are uncommon with these types of injuries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health