Patients with Reconstruction of Craniofacial or Intraoral Defects: Development of Instruments to Measure Quality of Life

Jeff A. Sloan, Dan E. Tolman, James D. Anderson, Adrian W. Sugar, John F. Wolfaardt, Paul Novotny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Patients with reconstruction of craniofacial or intraoral defects experience a profound impact on their quality of life (QOL). This impact on QOL is influenced by the patients' medical conditions and the treatment interventions. Instruments to measure general QOL have been available for many years. A major criticism of QOL instruments is that too often the questions are not specific to the particular problems of a disease or condition. A search of the literature regarding QOL measurement for patients with maxillofacial implant-supported prostheses produced a short list of instruments, none of which were sufficiently developed or suited to the patients involved in reconstructive treatment. This study was designed to develop pretreatment and posttreatment questionnaires for measuring QOL for patients with reconstruction of a craniofacial defect and patients with reconstruction of loss of specific intraoral structures utilizing an implant-supported prosthesis (eg, severe resorption of the maxilla or mandible or both). The goal was to develop brief, targeted instruments for this specific patient population. The produced instruments were sensitive and easy to administer and score, and no disruption of clinical care occurred with the administration of the questionnaires. The instruments were used with equal success both in face-to-face interviews and via mail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-245
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Craniofacial abnormalities
  • Implant-supported prosthesis
  • Quality of life
  • Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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