Pathology of liver disease: advances in the last 50 years

Michael Torbenson, Kay Washington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Liver disease has been recognized in various forms for centuries. Incredible advances, however, have been made especially in the last 50 years, driven by improvements in histology, the development of immunostains, the development of high resolution imaging methods, improved biopsy and resection methods, and the emergence of the molecular era. With these tools, pathologists and their clinical and basic science colleagues moved from classifying liver disease using an observational, pattern-based approach to a refined classification of disease, one based on etiology for medical disease and tumor classification for neoplastic disease. Examples of liver specific diseases are used to illustrate these exciting advances. These impressive advances of the past provide the foundation for hope in the future, as liver pathology continues to play an important role in improving patient care through disease identification and classification and emerging roles in guiding therapy for cures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-98
Number of pages21
JournalHuman Pathology
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Allograft rejection
  • Hepatitis C
  • Histopathology
  • Liver
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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