Palmitoyl-CoA potentiates the Ca2+ release elicited by cyclic ADP-ribose

Eduardo N. Chini, Thomas P. Dousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a potent mediator of Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores in sea urchin eggs that ultimately activates the ryanodine channel. We now report that certain long-chain acyl-CoA derivative metabolites (14-18 carbons in length), such as palmitoyl-CoA, greatly potentiate the effect of cADPR on Ca2+ release. Furthermore, in higher concentrations, palmitoyl-CoA and other closely related long-chain acyl-CoA derivatives trigger Ca2+ release apparently through the ryanodine channel in sea urchin egg homogenates. Palmitoyl-CoA-induced Ca2+ release was suppressed by ruthenium red, spermine, and the calmodulin antagonist N-(6-aminohesyl)-1-naphthalenesulfonamide, which all prevent activation of the ryanodine channel, but not by heparin or thionicotinamide-NADP. In addition, cADPR was able to desensitize the sea urchin egg homogenates to the subsequent Ca2+ release induced by palmitoyl-CoA and vice versa. In contrast, neither inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) nor the newly identified Ca2+ release agonist nicotinate adenine dinucleotide phosphate was able to desensitize the homogenate to palmitoyl-CoA, indicating that palmitoyl-CoA probably acts selectively by activating the ryanodine channel, but, unlike cADPR, palmitoyl-CoA might act directly on this channel. Finally, we found that palmitoyl-CoA was able to counteract the inhibitory effect of Mg2+ and spermine, which, in physiological concentrations, suppress specifically the cADPR-induced Ca2+ release. We propose that palmitoyl-CoA, present in micromolar concentrations, may trigger Ca2+ release through the ryanodine channel and, in lower concentrations, may increase the sensitivity of the Ca2+ release system to cADPR. Thus palmitoyl-CoA may serve as a regulatory link between the intermediary metabolism and the cADPR-induced Ca2+ release signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C530-C537
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number2 39-2
StatePublished - Feb 1996


  • Calcium-induced calcium release
  • Coenzyme A
  • Cyclic ADP-ribose
  • Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
  • Nicotinate adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • Ryanodine receptor-channel
  • Thionicotinamide-NADP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology


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