Patients are admitted to the hospital for hemodynamic optimization before left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of hemodynamic optimization using an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in ambulatory heart failure patients before LVAD placement. This retrospective single-center study included 199 noninotrope-dependent patients who underwent durable LVAD implantation between January 1, 2007 and April 10, 2017. Invasive hemodynamic as well as the primary composite end-point of stage 2 or 3 acute kidney injury, right ventricular failure, and 30-day mortality were compared between patients with and without an IABP. Median age was 64 (interquartile range [IQR], 57-71) years and 165 (82.9%) were male; 72 (36.2%) received an IABP. Patients treated with an IABP had worse baseline exercise capacity and hemodynamic parameters. Patients with an IABP had greater relative reduction in pulmonary artery mean pressure (-16% vs.-2%; p ≤ 0.001). The primary composite end-point was not different between patients who had an IABP and those who did not (20.8% vs. 20.5%; p = 0.952), as were each of the individual end-points. Despite worse baseline hemodynamic parameters and exercise capacity, ambulatory heart failure patients who received an IABP before LVAD implantation had more favorable reductions in pulmonary artery pressures without an increase in the composite end-point. These results suggest that IABP use before LVAD implantation may mitigate the risk of postoperative complications in ambulatory patients.
- hemodynamic optimization
- intra-aortic balloon pump
- left ventricular assist device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering