Outcomes After Noncardiac Surgery for Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension: A Historical Cohort Study

Atousa Deljou, Moldovan Sabov, Garvan C. Kane, Robert P. Frantz, Hilary M. DuBrock, David P. Martin, Darrell R. Schroeder, Madeline Q. Johnson, Toby N. Weingarten, Juraj Sprung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a substantial preoperative risk factor. For this study, morbidity and mortality were examined after noncardiac surgery in patients with precapillary PH. Design: A retrospective cohort study. Setting: Quaternary medical center in Rochester, MN. Participants: Adults with PH undergoing noncardiac surgery. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: The PH and surgical databases were reviewed from 2010 to 2017. Patients were excluded if PH was attributable to left-sided heart disease or they had undergone cardiac or transplantation surgeries. To assess whether PH-specific diagnostic or cardiopulmonary testing parameters were predictive of perioperative complications, generalized estimating equations were used. Of 196 patients with PH, 53 (27%) experienced 1 or more complications, including 5 deaths (3%) within 30 days. After adjustment for age and PH type, there were more complications in those undergoing moderate- to high-risk versus low-risk procedures (odds ratio [OR] 4.17 [95% confidence interval {CI} 2.07-8.40]; p < 0.001). After adjustment for age, surgical risk, and PH type, the complication risk was greater for patients with worse functional status (OR 2.39 [95% CI 1.19-4.78]; p = 0.01 for classes III/IV v classes I/II) and elevated serum N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (OR 2.28 [95% CI 1.05-4.96]; p = 0.04 for ≥300 v <300 pg/mL). After adjusting for age, surgical risk, and functional status, elevated NT-proBNP remained associated with increased risk (OR 2.23 [95% CI 1.05-4.76]; p = 0.04). Conclusion: PH patients undergoing noncardiac surgery have a high frequency of complications. Worse functional status, elevated serum NT-proBNP, and higher-risk surgery are predictive of worse outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1506-1513
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • complication
  • hypertension
  • perioperative
  • postoperative complications/mortality
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • pulmonary/mortality
  • surgical procedures/operative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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