Six cases of osteoid osteoma of the elbow were reviewed to determine the spectrum of clinical, pathologic and radiologic findings. Since osteoid osteoma of the elbow may masquerade as a nonspecific synovitis, the diagnosis is challenging and frequently delayed. The histology is, however, indistinguishable from that of osteoid osteoma occurring in typical locations. The radiologic features of osteoid osteoma of the elbow include the following triad: (a) osteosclerosis, usually a dominant feature at initial imaging and typically enveloping the nidus; (b) joint effusion; and (c) periosteal reaction that can involve both the bone in which the osteoid osteoma arises and adjacent bones. Awareness of these features will facilitate correct diagnosis, thereby facilitating timely and appropriate treatment.
- Bone neoplasm
- Osteoid osteoma
- Osteoid osteoma of the elbow
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging