Orbital anatomy magnetic resonance imaging in diplopic versus non-diplopic patients after glaucoma drainage device placement

Saumya M. Shah, Khin P. Kilgore, Erick D. Bothun, Christopher H. Hunt, Cheryl L. Khanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: New-onset persistent diplopia has become a common complication after glaucoma drainage device (GDD) placement. Understanding the orbital anatomy of such patients may provide information regarding risk of diplopia, GDD selection, and post-operative management. The purpose of this study was to examine the orbital anatomic differences in diplopic and non-diplopic patients after GDD implantation using high-resolution MRI. Methods: Seven eyes (N = 4 with diplopia and N = 3 without diplopia after GDD placement) of seven patients that had undergone placement of Baerveldt 250 (B250), Baerveldt 350 (B350), or Ahmed FP7 (FP7) GDD were prospectively enrolled at a single institution. All patients underwent a 3.0T orbital MRI with 3D volumetric T1 and T2 weighted sequence. Images were analyzed for orbital volume, axial length, orbital distances, presence of superior rectus-lateral rectus (SR-LR) band, position of GDD, and SR-LR angles. Results: Patients with diplopia had smaller mean ± SD orbital axial (911.5 ± 111.8 mm3 vs 931.7 ± 79.7 mm3) and coronal volumes (1162.5 ± 145.5 mm3 vs 1180 ± 34.6 mm3) compared to non-diplopic patients. Average orbital rim distances were larger for the diplopic group. The SR-LR displacement angle for diplopic patients was larger (101.6° ± 8.1 vs 94.7° ± 17.6) while the SR-LR quadrantic angle (86.6° ± 4.2 vs 89.1° ± 4.3) was smaller. SR-LR band was present and intact in all patients. GDD malpositioning was not evident in any patient. Conclusion: The decreased orbital axial and coronal volumes as well as increased orbital rim distances in diplopic patients suggests the need for further studies to understand the role of orbital anatomy in occurrence of diplopia. Dynamic MRI imaging may be helpful in identifying differences in extraocular muscle function that reveal an etiology of diplopia in patients with GDD implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Orbital anatomy
  • diplopia
  • glaucoma
  • glaucoma drainage device
  • magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Orbital anatomy magnetic resonance imaging in diplopic versus non-diplopic patients after glaucoma drainage device placement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this