Oncogenic β-catenin is required for bone morphogenetic protein 4 expression in human cancer cells

Jung Sik Kim, Heather Crooks, Tatiana Dracheva, Tagvor G. Nishanian, Baljit Singh, Jin Jen, Todd Waldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Somatic cell gene targeting was used to create an isogenic set of human colon cancer cells that differs only in the presence or absence of their endogenous activated β-catenin oncogene. Affymetrix Genechip expression profiling of parental cells and gene-targeted derivatives identified numerous novel genes whose expression was dependent on the presence of oncogenic β-catenin. The transforming growth factor-β family member bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), whose receptor is mutated in a rare inherited gastrointestinal cancer predisposition syndrome, was the most highly differentially expressed gene. Additional experiments revealed that the oncogenic allele of β-catenin specifically is absolutely required for BMP4 expression and secretion by human cancer cells and that BMP4 is overexpressed and secreted by human colon cancer cells with mutant adenomatous polyposis coli genes. These data identify the presence of regulatory interactions between the Wnt and BMP signaling pathways in cancer pathogenesis, providing an intriguing connection between the sporadic and inherited forms of a common human malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2744-2748
Number of pages5
JournalCancer research
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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