Nucleotide dissociation from NBD1 promotes solute transport by MRP1

Runying Yang, Ali McBride, Yue Xian Hou, Aaron Goldberg, Xiu Bao Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


MRP1 transports glutathione-S-conjugated solutes in an ATP-dependent manner by utilizing its two NBDs to bind and hydrolyze ATP. We have found that ATP binding to NBD1 plays a regulatory role whereas ATP hydrolysis at NBD2 plays a dominant role in ATP-dependent LTC4 transport. However, whether ATP hydrolysis at NBD1 is required for the transport was not clear. We now report that ATP hydrolysis at NBD1 may not be essential for transport, but that the dissociation of the NBD1-bound nucleotide facilitates ATP-dependent LTC4 transport. These conclusions are supported by the following results. The substitution of the putative catalytic E1455 with a non-acidic residue in NBD2 greatly decreases the ATPase activity of NBD2 and the ATP-dependent LTC4 transport, indicating that E1455 participates in ATP hydrolysis. The mutation of the corresponding D793 residue in NBD1 to a different acidic residue has little effect on ATP-dependent LTC4 transport. The replacement of D793 with a non-acidic residue, such as D793L or D793N, increases the rate of ATP-dependent LTC4 transport. Along with their higher transport activities, their Michaelis constant Kms (ATP) are also higher than that of wild-type. Coincident with their higher K ms (ATP), their Kds derived from ATP binding are also higher than that of wild-type, implying that the rate of dissociation of the bound nucleotide from the mutated NBD1 is faster than that of wild-type. Therefore, regardless of whether the bound ATP at NBD1 is hydrolyzed or not, the release of the bound nucleotide from NBD1 may bring the molecule back to its original conformation and facilitate the protein to start a new cycle of ATP-dependent solute transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-261
Number of pages14
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005


  • ATP binding
  • ATP hydrolysis
  • ATP-dependent LTC4 transport
  • Dissociation of the bound ATP
  • Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1
  • Nucleotide binding domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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