Non-invasive immunoPET imaging of PD-L1 using anti-PD-L1-B11 in breast cancer and melanoma tumor model

Aditya Bansal, Mukesh K. Pandey, Whitney Barham, Xin Liu, Susan M. Harrington, Fabrice Lucien, Haidong Dong, Sean S. Park, Timothy R. DeGrado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Immunotherapy targeting PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) is efficacious in various solid and hematologic malignancies. However, the response rate to PD-1/PD-L1 therapy is only 15–35%. To obtain optimal clinical response to ICI therapies, a reliable assessment of tumor PD-L1 expression is needed to select appropriate patients, and a non-invasive imaging-based assessment of PD-L1 expression is critically needed. Although radiolabeled PET probes based on PD-L1 targeted therapeutic antibodies (e.g. atezolizumab) have shown encouraging results, there is concern that residual therapeutic antibody may compete for binding with the radiotracer thereby compromising imaging studies that follow treatment. Methods and results: In this study, we used novel anti-PD-L1-B11 clone antibody known to bind to a different epitope of PD-L1 than the therapeutic antibodies to avoid potential saturation effects. The anti-PD-L1-B11 clone was radiolabeled with zirconium-89 and evaluated to detect PD-L1 expression in various in vitro and in vivo cancer model systems in comparison with [89Zr]Zr-DFO-NCS-atezolizumab. In vitro binding parameters of anti-PD-L1-B11 were like those of atezolizumab. [89Zr]Zr-DFO-NCS-anti-PD-L1-B11 clone showed favorable properties to [89Zr]Zr-DFO-NCS-atezolizumab in an in vivo breast cancer tumor model system with higher uptake in PD-L1 expressing tumors. Conclusion: Our data demonstrates that [89Zr]Zr-DFO-NCS-anti-PD-L1-B11 exhibits excellent imaging properties for the assessment PD-L1 expression. The independent binding site of anti-PD-L1-B11 relative to therapeutic anti-PD-L1 antibodies may be advantageous for anti-PD-L1 therapy monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-11
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


  • Anti-PD-L1-B11
  • B7-H1
  • B7-homolog 1
  • PD-L1
  • Positron-emission tomography
  • Programmed death ligand 1
  • [Zr]Zr-DFO-NCS-anti-PD-L1-B11 and atezolizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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