Neuropathies after surgery: Anatomical considerations of pathologic mechanisms

Rebecca L. Johnson, Mary E. Warner, Nathan P Staff, Mark A. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Positioning-related injuries caused during surgery under anesthesia are most likely multifactorial. Pathologic mechanical forces alone (overstretching and/or ischemia from direct compression) may not fully explain postsurgical neuropathy with recent evidence implicating patient-specific factors or perioperative inflammatory responses spatially and even temporally divorced from the anatomical region of injury. The aim of this introductory article is to provide an overview of anatomic considerations of these mechanical forces on soft and nervous tissues along with factors that may compound compression or stretch injury. Three subsequent articles will address specific positioning-related anatomic considerations of the (1) upper extremities, (2) lower extremities, and (3) central nervous system and soft tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-682
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Anatomy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015


  • patient positioning
  • perioperative care
  • peripheral nerve injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology


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