Neurokinin 3 receptor antagonism decreases gonadotropin and testosterone secretion in healthy men

Karolina Skorupskaite, Jyothis T. George, Johannes D. Veldhuis, Robert P. Millar, Richard A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: Patients with mutations of neurokinin B (NKB) and its receptor show hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, but there is little evidence for the importance of this pathway in reproductive function in normal men, or its functional hierarchy with kisspeptin. Design: An open label study wherein men (n = 6) were administered the NK3R antagonist MLE4901 40 mg orally twice a day for 7 days. Kisspeptin-10 (0.3 μg/kg iv bolus) was given before and on day 7 of NK3R antagonist treatment. Patients: Subjects were healthy men. Measurements: Reproductive hormones were measured before and during the NK3R antagonist administration, including frequent sampling on two occasions for analysis of pulsatile LH secretion. Results: LH, FSH and testosterone secretion were decreased during NK3R antagonist administration. LH showed a biphasic response, being reduced after 24 hours of treatment (4.5 ± 0.6 IU/L pretreatment to 1.7 ± 0.2 IU/L, P <.05), with partial recovery thereafter, but it was again decreased on day 7 (2.5 ± 0.6 IU/L, P <.05 vs pretreatment). FSH secretion was also suppressed, with a similar temporal pattern to that of LH. Testosterone secretion was decreased from 24 hours (18.4 ± 1.6 pretreatment vs 5.6 ± 1.5 nmol/L, P <.01) and remained suppressed throughout the treatment period. Analysis of LH pulsatility showed that both basal and pulsatile LH secretion were markedly suppressed but there was no detected change in LH pulse frequency. Kisspeptin-10 stimulated LH secretion, with similar responses before and during NK3R antagonist administration. Conclusions: These data demonstrate a central role for NKB/NK3R in the physiological regulation of reproductive function in men, and that this is functionally upstream of kisspeptin-mediated GnRH secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)748-756
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • GnRH pulsatility
  • gonadotrophins
  • kisspeptin
  • neurokinin B
  • testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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