Natriuretic peptides in cardiovascular diseases: Current use and perspectives

Massimo Volpe, Speranza Rubattu, John Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations


The natriuretic peptides (NPs) family, including atrial, B-type, and C-type NPs, is a group of hormones possessing relevant haemodynamic and anti-remodelling actions in the cardiovascular (CV) system. Due to their diuretic, natriuretic, vasorelaxant, anti-proliferative, and anti-hypertrophic effects, they are involved in the pathogenic mechanisms leading to major CV diseases, such as heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease, hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy, and cerebrovascular accidents. Blood levels of NPs have established predictive value in the diagnosis of HF, as well as for its prognostic stratification. In addition, they provide useful clinical information in hypertension and in both stable and unstable coronary artery disease. Structural abnormalities of atrial natriuretic peptide gene (NPPA), as well as genetically induced changes in circulating levels of NPs, have a pathogenic causal link with CV diseases and represent emerging markers of CV risk. Novel NP-based therapeutic strategies are currently under advanced clinical development, as they are expected to contribute to the future management of hypertension and HF.The present review provides a current appraisal of NPs' clinical implications and a critical perspective of the potential therapeutic impact of pharmacological manipulation of this class of CV hormones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-425c
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • ARNi
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Genetics
  • NEP inhibitors
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Natriuretic peptides analogues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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