National trends of 3- Versus 2-stage restorative proctocolectomy for chronic ulcerative colitis

Jai Bikhchandani, Stephanie F. Polites, Amy E. Wagie, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Robert R. Cima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgical treatment of chronic ulcerative colitis usually undergo a staged approach to IPA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to identify the national trends in approach to IPA for chronic ulcerative colitis and to evaluate 30-day outcomes using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review study SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a tertiary care cancer center. PATIENTS: Patients with chronic ulcerative colitis who underwent IPA from 2005 to 2011 were identified. Those who underwent colectomy with pouch procedure were placed in a 2-stage cohort, and those without simultaneous colectomy were part of a 3-stage cohort. Emergent operations were excluded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in procedure mix, preoperative characteristics, and postoperative 30-day outcomes were compared. Multivariate analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for postoperative infection. RESULTS: Of 2002 patients who underwent IPA, 1452 (72.5%) underwent 2-stage and 550 (27.5%) underwent 3-stage surgery. Since 2007, the distribution of 2- versus 3-stage procedures has not changed (p = 0.66). At the time of pouch surgery, patients who had undergone 3-stage surgery were less likely to have preoperative corticosteroid therapy, albumin <3 mg/dL, preoperative sepsis, and weight loss (all p < 0.05). Superficial surgical site infection was more common after 3-stage surgery (11.5% vs 7.3%; p < 0.01). After controlling for preoperative factors, wound classification was the only independent predictor of deep incisional or organ space infection (p < 0.01; OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.23-2.53). LIMITATIONS: This was a retrospective study. CONCLUSIONS: National trends of 2- versus 3-stage IPA have remained stable over the last 5 years. Patients who underwent a 3-stage approach were healthier at the time of pouch surgery, with decreased corticosteroid use, hypoalbuminemia, and weight loss. Mixed results were seen for infectious complications with either approach. Prospective research is needed to determine the best approach to IPA for chronic ulcerative colitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015


  • Chronic ulcerative colitis
  • Ileal pouch anal anastomosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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