Music therapy.

M. Snyder, L. Chlan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Nurses have used music as an intervention for many years. A sizeable number of investigations to determine the efficacy of music in managing pain, in decreasing anxiety and aggressive behaviors, and in improving performance and well-being have been conducted by nurses and other health professionals. Nursing and non-nursing research reports published between the years 1980-1997 were reviewed. Great variation existed in the type of musical selection used, the dose of the intervention (number of sessions and length exposure), the populations studied, and the methodologies used. Overall, music was found to be effective in producing positive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-25
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual review of nursing research
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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