Modulation of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression on the human mast-cell line (HMC)-1 by inflammatory mediators

B. Wedi, J. Eisner, W. Czech, J. H. Butterfield, A. Kapp

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28 Scopus citations


The effect of inflammatory mediators on the expression of several surface adhesion molecules on the human mast-cell line (HMC)-1 was studied. By now cytometry, it could be shown that among several surface adhesion molecules (ICAM-1/CD54, VLA-4/CD49d, Mac-1/CD11b, LFA-1/CD11a, LFA-2/CD2, LFA-3/CD58, VCAM-1), only the constitutively expressed immunoglobulin family member intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is modulated by proinflammatory cytokines on HMC-1 mast cells. Stimulation with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) resulted, in addition to interleukin-(IL-)4, in selective upregulation of ICAM-1 expression. Costimulation of either IL-4 or IFN-γ with TNF-α further increased the ICAM-1 expression as compared to the stimuli alone. In contrast, stem-cell factor (SCF), granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-10, IL-8, monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF), and the complement split product C5a failed to modulate the expression of any adhesion molecule examined. The levels of cytoplasmic free calcium in HMC-1 mast cells were not altered by crosslinking surface ICAM-1, suggesting linkage of other intracellular signaling pathways. This cytokine-induced upregulation of ICAM-1 expression might reveal a putative regulatory mechanism of mast-cell interaction with effector cells bearing the counterparts of ICAM-1 (CD54), the molecules Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) and leukosialin (CD43), and the principal ligand LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-684
Number of pages9
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1996


  • Cell adhesion molecules
  • Cytokines
  • ICAM-1/CD54
  • Mast cells
  • Upregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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