Modified ureterosigmoidostomy (Mainz Pouch II): A nonrefluxing stented vs unstented laparoscopic porcine model

Mitchell R. Humphreys, Nicole L. Miller, James E. Lingeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Study Type - Prognosis (case control study) Level of Evidence 3b OBJECTIVE: To describe a rapid and reproducible pure laparoscopic cystectomy and nonrefluxing modified continent urinary diversion (Mainz Pouch II), and to determine whether ureteric stenting decreases ureteric obstruction after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review and approval, six female pigs (51-55 kg) had a laparoscopic cystectomy and urinary diversion using a modified Mainz Pouch II. Imbricating bowel over the extra-intestinal ureteric segment created the nonrefluxing mechanism. All pigs had the same bowel preparation before a standard four-port transperitoneal laparoscopic procedure, but three pigs received bilateral J ureteric stents and three did not. Body weights, radiographic imaging, serum electrolytes and renal function were monitored during the 6-week survival period. RESULTS: One stented pig developed bilateral pyelonephritis, renal obstruction and was killed. Including this pig, four of 12 renal units were obstructed, occurring more often in the stented pigs. There were no significant differences between the serum electrolytes before and after surgery or between the stented or unstented pigs. The surgery was quicker as experience increased. No pig developed hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis. The nonrefluxing modification appeared to be effective, as reflux was only present in one renal unit. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic ureterosigmoidostomy, specifically the modified Mainz Pouch II, represents a viable and reasonable continent urinary diversion. The results suggest that there was no benefit in stenting in this pig model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalBJU international
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Continent urinary diversion
  • Laparoscopic cystectomy
  • Pig
  • Ureterosigmoidostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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