Mitral Annular Growth in Children Following Early Mechanical Mitral Valve Replacement

Lucian A. Durham, Harold M. Burkhart, Joseph A. Dearani, Francisco J. Puga, Patrick W. O’leary, Hartzell V. Schaff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Irreparable mitral pathology may lead to early mitral valve replacement (MVR) in children. Often, a small mechanical prosthesis (<23 mm) is required, raising concerns about annular growth in patients who may eventually require subsequent mitral valve re-replacement (MVRR). The aim of this study was to evaluate interval mitral annular growth in this cohort. Between January 1972 and December 2006, 164 children underwent MVR with a mechanical prosthesis; 110 of these children (median age, 4 years; range, 7 days to 14 years) received a small mechanical prosthesis (<23 mm). The most common diagnoses were congenital mitral stenosis (10%), regurgitation (46%), and left atrioventricular valve dysfunction after previous atrioventricular septal defect repair (44%). The cohort was analyzed for age, body surface area (BSA), prosthesis size, and Z score at the time of MVR and MVRR. At the time of MVR, 78 patients had a BSA of 0.77 ± 0.06 m2, had an annular size of 24 ± 0.62 mm (Z score, 2.91 ± 0.23), and ultimately did not require MVRR. Another cohort, who eventually did require MVRR (n = 24), had an initial BSA at the time of MVR of 0.62 ± 0.05 m2 (P = NS vs MVR only) and an annular size of 20 ± 0.49 mm (Z score, 1.85 ± 0.22) (P = .008 vs MVR only). In the interval between MVR and MVRR (7.8 ± 1.1 years), BSA increased to 1.12 ± 0.07 m2, and annulus size increased to 24 ± 0.47 mm (Z score, 1.80 ± 0.28). These data suggest growth of the mitral annulus following MVR with a small mechanical prosthesis, as evidenced by an unchanged Z score in the setting of normal interval increase in BSA. Additionally, there was a statistically significant difference in initial Z scores between the cohorts requiring MVRR and those who have not needed re-replacement, suggesting that the feasibility of placement of a slightly larger prosthesis may be associated with a decreased need for MVRR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • mitral stenosis
  • mitral valve replacement
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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