Postmitotic gene expression requires restoration of nuclear organization and assembly of regulatory complexes. The hematopoietic and osteogenic Runx (Cbfa/AML) transcription factors are punctately organized in the interphase nucleus and provide a model for understanding the subnuclear organization of tissue-specific regulatory proteins after mitosis. Here we have used quantitative in situ immunofluorescence microscopy and quantitative image analysis to show that Runx factors undergo progressive changes in cellular localization during mitosis while retaining a punctate distribution. In comparison, the acetyl transferase p300 and acetylated histone H4 remain localized with DNA throughout mitosis while the RNA processing factor SC35 is excluded from mitotic chromatin. Subnuclear organization of Runx foci is completely restored in telophase, and Runx proteins are equally partitioned into progeny nuclei. In contrast, subnuclear organization of SC35 is restored subsequent to telophase. Our results show a sequential reorganization of Runx and its coregulatory proteins that precedes restoration of RNA processing speckles. Thus, mitotic partitioning and spatiotemporal reorganization of regulatory proteins together render progeny cells equivalently competent to support phenotypic gene expression.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Dec 9 2003
ASJC Scopus subject areas