Misdiagnosis of multiple sclerosis: Frequency, causes, effects, and prevention

Andrew J. Solomon, Brian G. Weinshenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


A diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is heavily influenced by clinical judgment. Misdiagnosis of multiple sclerosis is common and has important consequences for patients and the cost of healthcare. Although rigorous data about the frequency and causes of misdiagnosis are lacking, misinterpretation and misapplication of clinical and radiographic diagnostic criteria and terminology are likely important factors. Appropriate and stringent application of diagnostic criteria and continued vigilance for "red flags" suggesting alternative diagnoses are strategies critical for prevention of misdiagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number403
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Causes
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Criteria
  • Effects
  • Frequency
  • Medical error
  • Mimickers
  • Misdiagnosis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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