Metabolic Complications of Chronic HIV Infection: A Narrative Review

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As persons who are HIV positive and on suppressive antiretroviral therapy live longer, there is increased incidence and recognition of several metabolic complications of this chronic infection. These metabolic complications of HIV infection can result from the infection itself and/or otherwise effective antiviral treatment and can have significant impacts on morbidity and mortality. Some metabolic complications of HIV infection are preventable but most are modifiable, and therefore, active surveillance and screening are warranted. The purpose of this narrative review is to highlight the most common metabolic complications of chronic HIV infection, associated risk factors, diagnosis, and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number197
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dyslipidemia
  • HIV
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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