Meniscus Biomechanics

Douglas W. Bartels, R. Kyle Martin, Bruce A. Levy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The menisci are complex tissue structures in the knee with established structural and biomechanical properties. They have a variety of functions within the knee and play a major role in maintaining normal knee kinematics. When normal biomechanical function of the menisci is compromised, there is a significantly increased risk of developing degenerative changes in the knee over time. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the biomechanical properties of the menisci and how these properties contribute to overall function of the knee. In doing this we discuss the tensile, compressive and shear properties of the menisci, as well as their functions in load distribution, joint stability, joint lubrication and nutrition and proprioception. We will also discuss how meniscal tear patterns affect meniscal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEvidence-Based Management of Complex Knee Injuries
Subtitle of host publicationRestoring the Anatomy to Achieve Best Outcomes
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780323713108
ISBN (Print)9780323713115
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • biomechanics
  • joint stability
  • load transmission
  • meniscus
  • meniscus tears
  • proprioception
  • structural composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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