Meniscal Extrusion: A Critical Analysis Review

Joshua T. Kaiser, Dhanur Damodar, Matthew J. Udine, Zachary D. Meeker, Johnathon R. McCormick, Kyle R. Wagner, Aaron J. Krych, Jorge A. Chahla, Brian J. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Pathologic meniscal extrusion can compromise meniscal function, leading to increased contact forces in the tibiofemoral compartment and the acceleration of osteoarthritic changes.Extrusion is typically defined as radial displacement of ≥3 mm outside the tibial border and is best diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging, although ultrasonography has also demonstrated encouraging diagnostic utility.Three-D top-lighted rightwards arrowheadSurgical management of meniscal extrusion is based on the underlying etiology, the patient's symptom profile, the preexisting health of the articular surface, and the risk of future chondral injury and osteoarthritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere22.00019
JournalJBJS reviews
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 4 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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